Considering the use of external labor on Terna’s construction sites (1,973 employees used by contractors and subcontractors), contract work is subject to stricter rules regarding qualification and subsequent management. This is due to Terna’s particularly scrupulous approach, as well as to the strictness of regulations.   

Italian law requires Terna to perform an analytical assessment of the risks regarding the health and safety of the workers employed by contractors and subcontractors. For all the work done on the construction site. This risk analysis must be performed by an external expert. It should be emphasized that the consequent assessment of the cost of the safety measures to adopt is excluded from the price competition for the contract award.

With the objective of further reducing the risks regarding contract work, Terna requires additional specific certifications concerning contractor employees, such as:

  • certification that they know Italian, so as to ensure their access to information on construction-site safety
  • on sites for the construction of overhead electric power lines, certification that all the workers (mainly blue-collar ones) have examined and have been appropriately instructed on the use of the individual protection devices, the risks established in the Construction-site Safety Plan (“PSC”) and the Operating Safety Plan (“POS”) prepared by Terna, and the environmental-protection measures as established in the specific operating procedure called “Management of the environmental aspects during plant construction”, which is attached to each contract    
  • for several specific roles (e.g. workers assigned to the installation and maintenance of overhead lines an d to cutting vegetation, foremen, and safety heads), certification of specific training courses lasting between 24 and 32 hours designed – according to the content required by Terna – in cooperation with SINCERT-certified training schools specialized in the electricity industry;        
  • verification of the actual training of the personnel through a web platform – the Qualified Company Personnel project – which records the actual training of the personnel of the companies doing contract work on Terna’s construction sites by comparing the information provided by the schools authorized to train personnel for work in the electricity industry with the names of the employees registered by the companies    
  • the appointment of a person in charge of Health, Protection, and Prevention, a head of construction-site safety, a person in charge of managing emergencies and his or her substitute, and an assigned doctor.

To reduce to a minimum the risk of violations of human and labor rights to the detriment of contractor employees Terna also requires:  

  • a declaration that the collective-bargaining labor agreement is applied to all employees
  • certification that all social-security and other contributions have been duly paid
  • a copy of an insurance policy covering tort liability, personal injuries, and damage to property, including the contractor’s, for the entire duration of the work and in an amount appropriate for the kind of work performed
  • a periodical copy of the payment of social-security and other contributions
  • certification by the competent doctor that the contractor’s employees are fit for their jobs.

Monitoringi has enabled Terna to identify the areas that are most exposed with regard to the question of occupational safety. For companies operating in these areas, in addition to the activities already described, there are provisions for assistance in interpreting the law and in communicating during safety training for workers.

In the two-year period 2009-2010, Terna monitored 100 sites throughout Italy entrusted to contractors for the construction of lines and stations for the transmission of electric power.